Reports & papers
This report provides findings on the Somali diaspora response to the regional drought/crisis that affected Somaliland and Puntland in early 2016. The report includes a broad mapping exercise and discussion of responses from the European diaspora, as well as an overview and some more detailed case studies of actual responses in Somaliland and Puntland.
The DEMAC research report outlines the basic features of formalized collective interventions by Sierra Leonean, Somali and Syrian diaspora-based relief organisations and initiatives based in the UK, Denmark and Germany, respectively, by elucidating their responses to the humanitarian crises in their countries of origin/heritage and neighbouring countries.
Based on interviews conducted from September 2015 until January 2016 in Denmark, Germany, Lebanon, Sierra Leone, Somalia (Somaliland), Turkey, and the UK, desk-based study, cross-referencing surveys, and mappings, the report identifies the instruments and explains the ways through which diaspora humanitarians operate to provide relief to affected people in need. Informative yet largely explorative in nature, the report elicits potential areas of increased and more effective cooperation and coordination between diaspora organisations and initiatives engaged in humanitarian action and ‘traditional’ actors of the international humanitarian system.
The central questions this report seeks to answer are:
- What are driving motivations for diaspora organisations to engage in humanitarian action?
- What are the prevalent response modes and mechanisms in diaspora humanitarian response?
- How do diaspora and conventional humanitarian actors cooperate and collaborate?
- How diaspora organisations, local organisations and ‘conventional’ humanitarian actors perceive one another?
- What are the main challenges to interventions of diaspora humanitarians?
The outputs of this research are aimed at diaspora organisations and initiatives engaged in humanitarian action, nongovernmental organisations and donor agencies interested in engaging with diaspora organisations as well as organisations outside the humanitarian sector, such as academic institutions or private enterprises, seeking to engage with highly innovative actors in humanitarian action.
DEMAC Report "Diaspora Humanitarianism - Transnational Ways of Working" published in March 2016
Executive Summary of the DEMAC Report published in January 2016
Recommendations to the World Humanitarian Summit
Participants from Syrian, Somali and Sierra Leonean diaspora communities and relief organisations contributed to a joint position paper on humanitarian effectiveness for the World Humanitarian Summit Global Consultation .
The position paper provides an overview over current debates on diaspora-based emergency relief and entails recommendations to the World Humanitarian Summit in May 2016 in Istanbul.
The WHS recommendations by Somali, Sierra Leonean and Syrian diaspora-based humanitarian organisations
Diaspora recommendations PDF file published in July 2015